Teaching kids to code

Kids coding is a topical issue, particularly given the future of employment. The jobs our children will be doing are different to the ones our parents did/are doing and to our own. Programming skills are one of the few things that the experts agree are important.

There are lots of great online resources already in place to help children learn the computer skills they will need in the future. You can start early, you can make it fun and it doesn’t have to cost you a fortune.

Let me be clear: this isn’t a parenting blog. I do have kids. I do program. I do have a kid that wants to learn to program (mostly I think because he thinks I’ll give him a free pass on other human-necessary skills such as creativity, interpersonal relationships and trying on sports day).

My personal parenting philosophy (if anyone cares) is that kids learn very well when you give them interesting tools to explore the world with. That might include programming, but for some kids it won’t. That’s OK. It doesn’t mean they’re never going to get a job: it just means they may prefer to climb trees because they’re kids. There’s a lot of learning to be had up a tree.

But part of providing interesting resources with which to explore the world is knowing where to find them. Here’s a run down of some resources broken down by age group. Yes, kids can start as early as preschool!

Preschool Age (4 +)

The best resources for kids this age are fun interactive apps. If it’s not fun, they won’t engage and frankly nobody wants to stand over a small child making them do something when they could be learning autonomously through undirected play. Here are my favourites:

  • Lightbot. This is a fun interactive app available on Android and Apple that teaches kids the basics of programming using icons rather than language-based code. It comes in both junior coding (4-8 years) and programming puzzles (9+) and my kids have had the apps for six months and enjoyed them.
  • Cargo-bot was recommended to me by a fellow programming-parent and I love the interface and the puzzles. My friends have had the app for a few months and young I. enjoys it a lot.
  • Flow isn’t a coding app. It’s an app that encourages visual motor planning development. Anyone that’s done any coding at all will know that visual motor planning is a critical skill for programming. First this then that. If I put this here then that needs to go there. Flow is a great game that helps kids develop this kind of planning. And that’s helpful not only for programming, but everything else too.

School Age Kids (9 +)

Once kids are comfortable reading and manipulating English as a language, they can move on to a language-based program. There are a few different ones available, some specifically designed for kids like Tynker and Scratch.  For the kid that I have in this age bracket- taking into account his interests and temperament- I’m just going to go straight to Python or R for him. As with everything parenting: your mileage may vary and that’s OK.

Some resources for learning python with kids include:

  • This great post from Geekwire. Really simple ideas to engage with your kid.
  • Python Tutorials for kids 13+ is a companion site to the For Dummies book Python for kids I’ve mentioned previously. We got the book from the library a month or so back and I’m thinking of shelling out the $$ to buy it and keep it here permanently.
  • The Invent with Python blog has some great discussion of the issue generally.

R doesn’t seem to have as many kid-friendly resources, but the turtle graphics package looks like it might be worth a try.

General Resources for Teaching Kids to Code

Advocates for programming have been beating this drum for a long time. I came across a number of useful posts while writing this one, so here they are for your reference:

Good luck and enjoy coding with your kid. And if your kid doesn’t want to learn code, enjoy climbing that tree instead!

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